THE NEW ZEALAND PREPPER
Disaster Survival Guide
Is your family prepared for survival in a disaster. Having a survival kit containing important documents and supplies could go a real long way to making life easer for you and your family and help them survive a disaster.
 


EMERGENCY SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT

Top 3 items to have in your emergency bag:
While there is a lot of survival gear you could include in your bugout bag, if you had to pair it down to three things, then these items will virtually guarantee your survival: a quality fixed blade knife metal water container* (appropriate also for cooking/boiling water) and and a fire starter (BIC lighter is the most convenient firestarter).* A water filtration device is the fourth essential item for your bugout bag, but the metal water container could suffice to help you obtain potable water without water treatment.

EMERGENCY SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT
EMERGENCY SURVIVAL BAG (Bug Out Bag)

A Survival Bag, is usually designed to get you out of an emergency situation and allow you to survive self-contained for up to 3 days. A lot of people plan their Survival Bag to sustain them for much longer than that, but there is always a limit to what you can carry on your back and a 3 day target is a good place to start. The primary purpose of a Survival Bag is to allow one to evacuate quickly if a disaster should strike. It is therefore prudent to gather all of the materials and supplies that might be required to do this into a single place, such as a bag or a few storage containers.

WATER
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In a survival situation water quickly becomes the most precious commodity. 1 Liter per day per person is really the bare minimum. So your 3 day Survival Bag should have at least 3 liters of water per person. To expand your capability or survive longer than a couple of days you will need a water purification system. This can be as simple as boiling water and iodine tablets, or a serious water filter.
- You can use a Collapsible Water Bottle for extra storage.
- Make water collection easier with a Backpacking Bucket.
- Use Coffee Filters to extend the life of your water filtration system.

FOOD
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Canned food is too heavy for the amount of calories you get. You’re better off getting freeze-dried food and rehydrating it with water you find. For a 3 Day Survival Bag Backpack Meals and Energy Bars can be sufficient. Back pack meals are freeze dried meals that you just add boiling water to. They are light weight and last a long time. Obviously you will need a longer term food solution in any type of wide area catastrophe, but for your basic Survival Bag backpack meals are a good set up.

COOKING
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Bare minimum:
A small pot/large cup to boil water in for both drinking and freeze dried meals.
A small backpacking stove and fuel.
Eating utensils - Pot scrubber - Small container detergent
Can opener - Sharp knife

CLOTHING
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Your Survival Bag clothes should be similar to what you would pack for a weekend backpacking trip.
Good sturdy footware - Warm socks x 2 - Underwear
Spare warm pants, shirt, thermal top.
Rain poncho or waterproof coat
Hat - beanie - sun hat
(If you get cold feet take off your shoes, put a plastic bag on each foot, then put your shoes back on, Your feet will still be wet and they will sweat but they’ll be warm.)

BASIC EQUIPMENT
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Matches or gas lighters - Strips of car tire to start fire - Small saw for firewood
At least 2 torches spare batteries for each - LED headlight - Candles
Survival knife - Multi-tool - Insect repellant
Phone Charger - Radio - Money -
Maps - Compass - Whistle - Binoculars - Sunglasses
Small Note Pad / Pencil - Sewing Kit - Large Rubbisb Bags
550 Parachute Cord - Duct Tape - Resealable Bags

SHELTER AND BEDDING
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If you are going to survive for 3 days you are going to need protection from the elements and a warm dry place to sleep. You need at least:
- Some type of tent or tarp and a way to set it up
- A ground tarp for underneath your shelter to stay dry or a sleeping pad
- Some type of Bedroll, preferably a good sleeping bag.
Survival blankets are light and take up no room.
FIRST AID
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Medical care and training is paramount for any prepper. You can buy First Aid Kits ready made. If you are making your own, check the list on the first aid page for items recommended by St. John as the minimum required for families. Don’t pack a whole bottle of aspirin or a whole bottle of allergy medication. It could take a long time to get through all that. Instead, take out enough pills to last a week and put them in mini ziplock bags.

HYGIENE
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Wet Napkins
Hand Sanitizer - Soap
Hygiene/Signal Mirror
Small Pack Towel
Toilet Paper
Toothbrush & Toothpaste .
Other Personal Hygiene Necessities

HUNTING AND FISHING
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- Firearms and appropriate ammunition
- Wire for binding and animal traps.
- Colapsable fishing rod or hand line, hooks, sinkers, lures.
- Slingshot
- Bow and Arrows

How to Select a Bugout Bag
There is one basic rule of building the best bugout bag: keep it light. Your bugout bag can either have everything you need or it can be light: it can't be both! You will need to make wise choices about what to pack and this article provides a concise guide to get you started. Packweight is relative to your body size. If you can keep your bag between 25-30 pounds.

Pack size.
The size and weight of your backpack is important, because the bigger the backpack the more stuff you'll find room to bring. Keep the pack size small and to keep the pack light.

Top three items to have in your bugout bag:
While there is a lot of survival gear you could include in your bugout bag, if you had to pair it down to three things, then these items will virtually guarantee your survival: a quality fixed blade knife metal water container* (appropriate also for cooking/boiling water) and and a fire starter (BIC lighter is the most convenient firestarter).* A water filtration device is the fourth essential item for your bugout bag, but the metal water container could suffice to help you obtain potable water without water treatment.

Compression sack.
A compression sack is essential for your sleeping bag or bivvy, but you may also consider one for a change of clothing.

Waterproof your Bugout Bag!
When exposed to the elements, your bugout bag will get wet or damp easily, which will ruin the integrity of the contents inside. Most bags offer a level of waterproofp protection, but for ultimate peace of mind, spray your bugout bag with a heavy duty water repellent. Also, get dry bags, pictured right, for your small articles and dry compression sacks for your gear. Zip-locking freezer bags are the poor man's dry bag. Garbage bags are also great for lining your bug out bag.

HOW TO SIGNAL FOR HELP 

If you have a whistle, use a one-two-three, pause, one-two-three pattern. This is more recognizable to the human ear. Mirrors are also important. Nothing in nature can be mistaken for a signal mirror. Same goes for brightly colored construction tape.

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New Zealand Disaster Survival Guide!
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Storm, Flood, Tsunami, Volcanic Eruption, Landslide, Pandemic,Fire, Emergency Survival Skills,
Disaster Preperation, Economic Disaster, Survival NZ
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